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德甲,弗赖堡vs汉诺威: [家教幼教] 小學英語語法之省to

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發表于 2019-10-9 10:37:54 | 只看該作者 回帖獎勵 |倒序瀏覽 |閱讀模式
  下面與大家分享“小學英語語法知識點:省to的動詞不定式”。更多精彩盡情關注北京新東方的小學英語課程。
  
  1)情態動詞(除ought外,ought to):
  
  2)使役動詞let,have,make:
  
  3)感官動詞 see, watch, look at, notice , observe, hear, listen to, smell, feel, find 等后作賓補,省略to。
  
  注意:在被動語態中則to不能省掉。
  
  I saw him dance.
  
  =He was seen to dance.
  
  The boss made them work the whole night.
  
  =They were made to work the whole night.
  
  4) would rather,had better:
  
  5) Why…  why not…:
  
  6) help 可帶to,也可不帶to, help sb (to) do sth:
  
  7) but和except:but前是動詞do時,后面出現的動詞用不帶to的動詞不定式。
  
  8) 由and, or和than連接的兩個不定式,第二個to 可以省去:
  
  9) 通常在discover, imagine, suppose, think, understand等詞后,可以省去to be:
  
  He is supposed (to be) nice.
  
  他應該是個好人。
  
  舉例:
  
  He wants to move to France and marry the girl.
  
  He wants to do nothing but go out.
  
  比較:
  
  He wants to do nothing but go out.
  
  He wants to believe anything but to take the medicine.
  
  典型例題
  
  1) I usually go there by train. Why not ___ by boat for a change?
  
  A. to try going B.trying to go C.to try and go D.try going
  
  答 案:D. why not 后面接不帶to 的不定式,因此選D。
  
  2)Paul doesn‘t have to be made ___. He always works hard.
  
  A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning
  
  答 案:B.make后接不帶to的動詞不定式,當其用于被動時,to不可省略。
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